The reasons for the heralded energy transition are numerous: scarcity of resources and resulting price increases, environmental protection, stronger sustainable thinking, and more. In the course of this process, renewable energy will take centre stage – with offshore wind energy playing the lead role.
By 2030, the European offshore energy market will reach a capacity of up to 150,000 MW. An impressive 37,500 turbines will be installed and commissioned for this target, primarily in the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Forecasts predict that the offshore market for renewable energy will grow by a staggering 800% and secure thousands of new jobs.
But what is offshore wind energy exactly?
Unlike onshore wind turbines, offshore wind energy converters (OWECs) are permanently located in the water and stand out because of their much greater system stability. Thanks to the steady, unhindered and strong winds out at sea, OWECs can produce more energy than their onshore counterparts. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea, which offer ideal conditions, are seeing the strongest growth in offshore turbine numbers. Our interactive world map will give you a detailed overview: Offshore World interactive
The following document from the Windenergie Agentur Bremen (WAB) IS packed with useful information about wind energy.
Questions and Answers
How important are wave and tidal energy?
Within wave energy, a distinction is made between what is known as gravity waves (caused by superposed layers of air) and tidal waves (caused by ebb and flow). In order to use wave energy efficiently, a wave energy converter is required.
Tidal energy, on the other hand, is generated by strong currents, caused by the cycle of ebb and flow. It is estimated that in the future up to 100 TW per year could be produced solely by tidal energy.